Nepal is located in South Asia and shares territorial borders with India and China with an area of 147,181 square kilometers and a population of approximately 35 million. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolitan city. Previously ruled as a kingdom, today it is a Federal Democratic Republic. Nepal is known for its exquisite natural beauty, with the iconic Himalayas running across the northern and western part of the country. Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions, it offers a wide variety of adventure tourism packages. Of the 14 peaks above 8,000 meters in the world eight are located in Nepal including Mount Everest (8,848 meters), the highest peak in the World and other 240 mountain peaks over than 6,000 meters high. For those who cannot withstand the rigorousness of mountain flights which fly around the Himalaya including Mount Everest and provide a close look of the top of the world. Trekking is the best way to get to interesting and remote mountain villages of Nepal and to enjoy views of the famous peaks together with local people, cultures and their lifestyle untouched with modern civilization. The River rafting, which is known as “White Water Adventure” represents another major attractions in Nepal.
Nepal offers plenty of Wildlife as there are eight National Parks and four Wildlife Reserves and two conservation areas in Nepal. Pokhara, the city of lakes, provides plenty of opportunities for fishing, boating and sightseeing with the panoramic view of Annapurna range. Kathmandu valley has several historical memorials, old palaces and temples. Nepal is the land of Lord Shiva (Pashupatinath), which is supposed to be the holiest Hindu temple in the world. Not only for the Hindus but also for the Buddhists Nepal offers a unique -place of pilgrimage as it happens to be the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace and compassion. Nepal is a place of festivals with some part of the kingdom or the other celebrating some festival during every day of the year. Festivals may be linked with the remembrance of the departed soul, to herald the different seasons, to mark the beginning or end of the agricultural cycle, to mark the national events, or just family celebrations. On a festive day the Nepalese take their ritual bath, worship different gods and goddesses, visit temple, observe fasting and undertake feasting. The most important aspect of Nepali culture is the religious harmony and understanding prevailing among the Hindus and Buddhist.